How to treat with bites and stings ?

insect attack
Written by team

Summer is the time for holiday weekends, trips, and trips to the sea. A bites or sting by these little creatures can literally If it spoils our mood. Try to gather as much zoological information as possible about the place you want to visit.

“Not knowing the ford, do not poke your head into the water” – literally. In an unfamiliar place, do not walk barefoot, and do not delve into vegetation (sniffing flowers or picking fruits). Try to choose a place for a tent and look around carefully.

Insects are usually attracted to light, use protective nets on windows, and turn on fumigators.

Mosquitoes bites

These are the most common aggressors in the middle lane. They love shady corners and warm evenings. These are the most common aggressors in the mid-lane. They like shadowy corners and warm evenings. With the bite of this insect, microbes can get into it. Itching causes insomnia. The combed edges were just awful the following day.
Methods of treatment: lubricate the bite site with soda or acid solution, ammonia, cologne, brilliant green, and propolis.
Means of control: mosquito nets, long, loose clothing made of dense fabrics, fumigators, anti-mosquito ointments, and sprays. Experienced summer residents scare away “vampires” near Moscow with the help of an ordinary … cortisol.

Gadflies, horseflies

Sunny spaces, especially near water bodies, Therefore, the best protection against them be clean, dry skin and antiperspirant.
The bites of these insects are pretty sensitive. The sucking insect can remain on the skin for about 5 minutes. The main danger lies in the infection, which can get into an existing puncture.
Wash the wound with water or alcohol.

Ants bites

The ant is a collective insect. Bites can lead to disorders, redness, and swelling.
Treatment methods: use a hot shower and soda baths, and it is better to take cologne and cotton swabs with you.

Wasps, bees, bumblebees, hornets

These are more serious opponents – their bites are very painful, cause severe redness and swelling, and can cause dangerous anaphylactic shock in allergy sufferers.
Individuals can wait in the foliage of a fruit tree, next to a park flower bed, in a presented bouquet, a child with ice cream, juice, or soda, or a lady in a cloud of fruit and spicy perfumes are also attractive to these insects, unusually sensitive to “sweet” smells.
To relieve pain, rub the bite. Watch out for signs of anaphylactic shock – a sharp drop in blood pressure, shortness of breath, an obsessive dry cough, chills, palpitations, nausea, vomiting, pain in the joints and lower back, and sometimes loss of consciousness. In typical cases, the effects of a bite pass in 2-3 days.

Jellyfish, poisonous fish

They have a chance to meet with sea bathers. The burn of a jellyfish felt on the skin. Many jellyfish carry a nerve-paralytic poison in their stinging organs, which is quite enough to stop breathing, not to mention various forms of burns and allergies. Thin tentacles, not visible in the water column, can be 10 m long, so swimming “in the tail” of a jellyfish is very dangerous.
Means of struggle: swim only in places specially designed for this, wear goggles or a mask, rubber slippers, if jellyfish or unfamiliar marine animals appear, immediately get out of the water. Do diving only with an experienced instructor, do not neglect special equipment and a suit. Be careful not to touch rocks, pitfalls, algae, or corals. Especially “suspicious” are fish of bright colors (primarily reef), devoid of lateral fins, rounded scales, tortoise-shaped heads, and beak-shaped jaws.

Methods of treatment:

quickly and carefully remove the remnants of the body of the jellyfish from the skin, pull out the poisonous spike or its fragment, treat the affected area with alcohol, ammonia, or soda to neutralize the poison, and apply an ice pack. If the animal is poisonous, in the first 3-5 minutes, it will be effective to apply a tourniquet to the limb above the bite site. If you feel unwell, you should immediately contact a poison control center or any medical facility.
The bite is unlikely to go unnoticed due to symptoms, an increase in skin temperature in the area of ​​​​the bite, fever, discoloration of the skin, the appearance of purple spots on it, bruising, and blisters.
This may cause numbness or tingling sensations in the facial muscles and in the area of ​​​​the bite, a feeling of fear, weakness, fainting, dizziness, sweat, shortness of breath from mild to severe, headache, and vagueness. Most venomous snake bites occur on the limbs (arms and legs, below the elbow and knee). Bites to the head and torso (usually of a sleeping person) are the most dangerous.
Methods of struggle: get necessary medical prophylaxis, teach you how to provide first aid, stock up on serum, put on tight, wide clothes and a hat, and be careful and attentive – snakes attack if they disturb.

Methods of treatment:

qualified medical assistance and as soon as possible. Before it: rinse the wound with ice water, and enter the serum. If you know how to do it (only in this case) and no more than 30 minutes have passed since the meeting with the snake, apply a tourniquet above the bite site (no more than 1.5-2 hours).
Be attentive to “incomprehensible” bites that do not go away within a day or in connection with which you feel a deterioration in well-being (fever, swelling, numbness, pain, allergies).

Protect yourself from insect bites!

We look forward-backward-left-right. We look closely and attentively, especially in the forest or on vacation outside the city. The stings of bees, wasps, spiders, and ticks pose a significant threat to our bodies. They can cause an allergic reaction of varying severity and infect us with infectious diseases.

First aid for insect bites:

  • wash the affected area with soap;
  • if bitten by a bee, you must quickly get rid of the sting;
  • treat the bite with an antiseptic solution: hydrogen peroxide or any improvised means (cologne, vodka);
  • apply a cold compress to the bite site.

In especially severe cases, with insect bites, a serious allergic reaction can develop – ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK.

Its symptoms:

  • sharp pain at the bite site;
  • skin itching;
  • severe shortness of breath;
  • weakness;
  • pain in the abdomen;
  • swelling of the larynx;
  • loss of consciousness.

All these reactions develop within a few minutes, and death from a lack of oxygen can occur due to impaired respiratory activity and blood circulation.

First aid for anaphylaxis:

  • call an ambulance;
  • give the victim a horizontal position and raise his legs;
  • cool the bite site;
  • in case of loss of consciousness, constantly monitor the victim’s breathing;
  • give the victim antihistamines.

The most dangerous are the head, neck, and chest bites. Wasps are usually more aggressive than bees. That’s why checking open food and containers is always a good idea.

Most often, small children suffer from insect bites, as well as those people who are prone to allergies.

Let’s take care of ourselves and follow the basic preventive measures:

  • avoid visiting wooded areas;
  • wear a hat;
  • wear clothing that covers all parts of the body;
  • avoid wearing bright clothes;
  • exclude the use of perfumes that have a strong odor;
  • use repellents (repellents).

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