Fishing tips for beginners

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Before everyone thought about where to start fishing, a gear selection problem arose. Even experienced anglers face it: anyway, you won’t be able to take everything with you, because willy-nilly you have to choose the most necessary. 

 In this article, we will try to select a starter kit for fishing tackle. Of course, these recommendations will not be universal – but for the first trips to the reservoir, the fishing tackle described below is quite suitable. 


Let’s start the description with the most straightforward option – fishing with a floating tackle. Here, the angler’s equipment will be simple, and it will take relatively little money to buy a minimum set. 


 For float fishing, purchasing a light and not-too-long telescopic rod with a leader reel is best. Such a fishing rod is relatively compact (it can be carried in a backpack or transported in a car) and versatile – it can be used to catch the most peaceful fish and perch.  

Fishing line 

modern monofilaments made of synthetic materials are suitable for float fishing. The section of the fishing line depends on the intended trophy, but beginners should use thin equipment – 0.12-0.15 mm will be just right. As for color, you should not limit yourself to fine fishing lines: varieties painted in shades of yellow, brown, or green show themselves much better in muddy water.  


Spindle models with medium-length antennas are the best choice. Such floats are pretty sensitive and, at the same time, stable even in a slight current. Over time, the range of floats can be extended by adding several varieties – for long-distance casting, fishing in strong winds, etc.  

If you plan to fish early in the morning, late in the evening, or at night, it is worth buying luminous float tips. They allow you to fix the bite even in complete darkness. 


when float fishing, the simplest pellets or olives of various sizes are used. They are also fortunate because, with their help, you can “gain” any desired load for the float. 


here, you need to focus primarily on the fish. It is advisable to have a full range of hooks in your arsenal from No. 2 to No. 10, and the most “running” sizes come in several modifications: a short and long forearm, with a straight and curved tip, etc.   

For bottom fishing 

Bottom fishing is in many ways akin to float fishing, but equipment differences exist. If you do not know how to start fishing on a donk or feeder, carefully study the list below:   

  • Rod. For a simple donkey, you can take a short and robust rod; for a feeder, a unique model with a flexible tip that signals a bite is suitable.
  • Coil. Here you can take an inertialess model: it will provide a comfortable and reasonably long cast and help the fish’s survival.
  • Sinker. For an ordinary donk, a heavy lead one is suitable. But it is better to use feeders: bait is laid in them, which is thrown directly into the fishing place.
  • In addition to the rod tip, additional devices can be purchased to signal a bite. The simplest is a bell or a bright light float. In addition, you can buy an electronic signaling device.

The fishing line (both primary and on leashes) must be chosen similarly to float fishing. Unless the diameter of the main line should be more significant, and the leashes should be smaller. Hooks are better to take with a short forearm: they are more suitable for catching cyprinids, which will be your main trophies.

For spin fishing 

Tips for a novice fisherman on selecting spinning gear will be more complex. It all depends on the approach – whether you master spinning from a small fish or immediately go for pike or zander. The first approach is still more productive, so that we will build on it. 


It is worth forgetting about telescopic spinning rods and getting yourself a plug rod from the middle price category. The optimal length for a beginner is 1.8-2.1m. at first, you will mainly catch small fish. Therefore the spinning test (i.e., the range of lures with which it will work) should be appropriate: from 1.5 -2.5 grams to 7 – 12 grams.    


Inertialess, preferably from a manufacturer with a reputation, is quite suitable for the Daiwa or Shimano budget line. It’s not worth setting the multiplier right away: it’s both expensive and, so far, it’s simply unnecessary. 

Fishing line

Ordinary fishing lines should be abandoned or used as a winding of the coil to the desired volume. But for fishing as such, it is advisable to purchase a braided line: although it is more expensive, it is many times stronger, and it also transmits information about the touch of the fish to the bait much better than the fishing line.  


It will not be needed to catch perch or chub, but pike teeth cut cords very quickly. It is worth installing an extra leash to save the trophy and bait – such leashes are made of metal or durable polymer material. 

 Suppose there is another significant expense item – lures. It’s worth starting with the development of the most uncomplicated and guaranteed catchy:  


Ideal for perch, chub, and small pike. The recognized leader is Mepps in different modifications, colors, and sizes. 

Silicone baits

 Silicone baits put on either a jig head (a sinker with a soldered hook) or a unique offset hook tied to a leash. When wiring, they imitate a fish or an aquatic arthropod. They differ in shape, color, the material’s elasticity (the most elastic silicone is called “edible”), etc.  


 are a wide variety of artificial baits. Most often, they imitate a fish, they can have their own game during wiring, or they require “animation” – giving the desired trajectory by twitching the tip of the rod and correct winding. They are catchy, but there is a minus – high-quality models cost a lot!   

Fishing equipment 

To make fishing for a beginner successful, you should think not only about gear but also about additional equipment. What might be needed?  

Comfortable clothes and shoes

At a minimum, a tight windbreaker with trousers and waterproof boots. If you plan to fish in flooded or wetlands, you definitely cannot wander – high boots.  

Organizer boxes for storing equipment

They protect fishing lines from tangling, floats, and wobblers from breakage and the hands and nerves of the angler from injury. 

Of course, this list is by no means complete: we intentionally touched only on tackle and devices without touching on bait and bait. But even this list will be enough to collect a decent fishing arsenal and have almost everything that a beginner fishing needs at hand.

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