Equipment & Things for survival in nature

What inventory is needed in order to survive?
Written by team

What inventory is needed in order to survive?

Every self-respecting tourist and traveler should be well equipped. Skillfully assembled survival equipment should include all the necessary things to comfortably spend time on a hike or in nature. In addition to basic equipment, each set should include the necessary survival tools. These tools will help with basic tasks such as getting food, water, fire, building shelter, and more.

Survival equipment should consist of:

  • Good clothes and shoes;
  • Material for shelter or tent;
  • Properly assembled first aid kit;
  • Comfortable and roomy backpack;
  • means of signaling;
  • Instrumentation.

In addition to all of the above, you should have the following survival tools

in your kit that will allow you to:

  • Get water. Materials for the extraction and purification of water;
  • Get food. Materials for fishing and hunting;
  • Get fire. Means and fuel for lighting a fire;
  • Perform general tasks. Knife, ropes, saw and others.

Also, everyone should collect survival equipment based on their personal needs, the territory where they are going, and the time of year.

Let’s take a closer look at the equipment that is needed for a hike or outing into nature.

Things for survival: clothing

Probably, no one needs to be explained about the importance of clothes, especially shoes, in our lives. Clothing and shoes protect our body from the effects of negative and harmful environmental factors. Heat, cold, moisture, mechanical damage. From all this we are protected by clothes and shoes.

The same is true in the wild. Before going on a hike, you should find the best and highest quality clothing, if possible, of course. Clothing is selected in accordance with climatic conditions. In winter, you need to stock up on light, warm and waterproof clothing and shoes.

In summer, you should take a warm set of clothes and the same shoes for spending the night. The nights are cold in summer. During the day you will need light and closed clothing. It will help protect you from the sun. Well, mosquitoes will not be very annoying in the evening.

An important attribute is a headdress. It will protect your head from all the harmful effects of the sun and keep your sanity.

In addition to the main set, take a spare, as well as socks and underwear. Thermal underwear will be useful. It will help you protect yourself from the rain, thereby protecting your clothes, a raincoat.

And finally, about clothes. Take the essentials, according to the season, and light clothing. No need to carry a lot on yourself, after a couple of kilometers you will begin to feel the extra load.

Things for survival: Water

We have repeatedly talked about the importance of water for the body. This time is no exception. Water is always needed, at any time of the year and under any circumstances.

You must include a minimum supply of water in your equipment. With the calculation of 2-3 liters per day. You need to take water for at least 2 days. It depends on how much you can carry.

Before leaving, be sure to plan the route of the hike, taking into account the sources of water. Desert caravans go from source to source. That’s how you should do it too.

For rescue in nature, the equipment must include:

  • Disinfectant tablets for water;
  • Several plastic bags for water extraction;
  • Primitive filter;
  • Water tank;
  • And, as mentioned, the minimum supply of liquid.

Things for survival: Food

The second most essential resource after water is food. Food is needed to keep the body healthy.

Equipment, without fail, must have a three-day supply of food that does not spoil. Canned food, dried meat, cereals, fruits, nuts, etc., are ideal. Take high-calorie meals that are high in carbohydrates and proteins. Fats in such cases it is unpleasant to use.

Food should be positioned in airtight containers or bags so that it does not emit a smell and does not seduce wild animals. 

In supplement to the three-day ration, if you are going on a hike for a lengthy period, take hunting and fishing tools into your kit:

  • Hooks;
  • Leska;
  • Ropes and wire for loops and traps.

In an emergency, you can feed yourself via passive hunting and fishing. If you have the desire and option, you can take weapons for hunting.

Remember the edible types of mushrooms, berries, and plants that grow in the area. Repeat the basic techniques for making snares and traps.

Just in case you must to take funds against diarrhea and food poisoning.


For cooking and heating the shelter, you will need a fire. Fire is essential during survival, as it provides warmth and motivation. And nothing is better than belief in the future. It is this confidence that brings fire into your consciousness.
First, to start a fire traditionally, take waterproof matches, a lighter, preferably on kerosene, or a flint and steel. Also, take an easily combustible material for the initial initiation of fire. This minimum collection of tools will let you to start a fire in any case if there is fuel.
Speaking of old, you should take a knife, rope, and flammable material for this. These items will help create a fire with friction.
The battery and foil also make it doable to furnish yourself with warmness and light.


Like a house, a shelter will provide comfort, warmth, and tranquility. It will shelter you from the impact of precipitation and wind, moistness, and inferior temperatures.
The easiest way to shelter yourself is to include a tent in your gear. Current tents can protect you from all the unfavorable facets that can affect a person in nature.
Pick the right tent depending on the climate and season of the location where you are—insulated in winter, sunshine in summer. The essential condition for a tent is water resistance.
If there is no tent, take a knife and ropes. This toolkit will support you make a shelter from natural materials.
In complement to the tent, the mandatory attributes of the gear for the trip are a sleeping bag and a mat. These things will protect you from the effects of moisture and the cold of the underlying surface and keep you warm on freezing nights.
If there are no such things, collect dry leaves or coniferous branches, which will let you sleep, not on a wet surface. In general, act according to the situation.

first aid kit

As one of the insurance against some health problems, a first aid kit is crucial on a hike. When you are in nature, health may fail you, or injury may occur. To exclude and fend off such surprises of life, you need to take a medical kit or, as the people say, a first-aid kit with you.

A first aid kit is a small set of necessary medicines. It includes:

  • Patch;
  • Painkiller;
  • Antiseptics. Iodine, brilliant green;
  • Disinfectant tablets for water;
  • Means against poisoning;
  • Remedies for colds;
  • Harnesses;
  • Bandages.
  • It means against mosquitoes and insect bites.

Other drugs are included in the first-aid kit depending on the season, terrain, and climate. Also, each person should, based on their needs, fill out the first aid kit as needed.

If your stomach often hurts, take the necessary pills further by analogy.

Things for survival: Tools

The term toolkit refers to all the necessary survival equipment. Survival gear must achieve specific roles or be universal.

As a rule, this is:

  • Rope;
  • Knife;
  • Machete;
  • Plates;
  • Flasks;
  • Axe;
  • Torch;
  • And others.

In general, you get the point, for example. With a rope, you can make loops for animals. You can fix a wounded limb with a string and tie a hut or a raft.

The knife, in turn, will function as a perfect tool for hunting. With its help, you can construct a spear, bow, arrows, a hut, and more.

Folding swiss knives are supposed to be the best universal tools.

Therefore, we advise you to have a folding knife in your survival tools, providing many functional elements.

Navigation aids

Locating the path has always been a challenging task. No one wants to walk in the wilderness without hoping to return home. Navigation and spatial direction skills play an essential role in survival.
To evade getting lost during a hike put an electronic navigator in your bag that will help you still discover your zone. In the event of unexpected trouble or loss of orientation, you can enter civilization.
The benefits of civilization are such an item, but an old map and compass are indispensable. Learn how to navigate the map; you will never think about losing your bearings. If you know how to use a map, take a map with you on your hike. They do not take up a large area and will not be excessive.

Signaling devices

Not even the hour, you will be lost. What to do in this case? If somebody in civilization knows about your location, he will first or later start ringing the alarm. But in the vast natural expanses, especially in forests, it isn’t easy to notice a person from a long distance.
In such circumstances, you must to transmit distress signs. This can be done with fire. But if the searchers use airplane, given its speed, you will not have time to make a fire if you notice or hear it.
In such issues, taking special smoke bombs with you is more useful. When started, a large quantity of smoke of a apparent color is released. This is the ideal way to attract attention to yourself in the wild.


Considering the entire article, we have listed a considerable amount of equipment necessary for survival in the wild. To hold all this with you, you will need a big backpack.

Current bags, we mean hiking and tourist, are ideal for this goal. They are comfortable to wear.

A good hiking pack has compartments for every tools listed in the article.

If you enjoy to go hiking, invest in a good gear. Your back will thank you for it.

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